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Quarta-feira, 11 DE Março DE 2009

Notícias curtas da Crise Capitalista

Reino Unido nacionaliza o Banco "Lloyds Bank"

Fonte: Aporrea

 

Arroz saborizado afecta o bolso dos venezuelanos e pode gerar problemas de saúde

Fonte: Aporrea

 

Empresas japonesas em bancarrota aumentam 21% em Fevereiro (2009)

Fonte: Aporrea

publicado por Rojo às 01:23
Quarta-feira, 11 DE Março DE 2009

The Proceeds of Crime (como o capitalismo inventa prisões para o lucro privado)

Published in the Guardian, 3rd March 2009

By George Monbiot.

 

The US and British governments have created a private prison industry which preys on human lives.

 

 

It’s a staggering case; more staggering still that it has scarcely been mentioned on this side of the ocean. Last week two judges in Pennsylvania were convicted of jailing some 2000 children in exchange for bribes from private prison companies.

 

Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan sent children to jail for offences so trivial that some of them weren’t even crimes. A 15 year-old called Hillary Transue got three months for creating a spoof web page ridiculing her school’s assistant principal. Mr Ciavarella sent Shane Bly, then 13, to boot camp for trespassing in a vacant building. He gave a 14 year-old, Jamie Quinn, 11 months in prison for slapping a friend during an argument, after the friend slapped her. The judges were paid $2.6 million by companies belonging to the Mid Atlantic Youth Services Corp for helping to fill its jails(1,2,3). This is what happens when public services are run for profit.

It’s an extreme example, but it hints at the wider consequences of the trade in human lives created by private prisons. In the US and the UK they have a powerful incentive to ensure that the number of prisoners keeps rising.

 

The United States is more corrupt than the UK, but it is also more transparent. There the lobbyists demanding and receiving changes to judicial policy might be exposed, and corrupt officials identified and prosecuted. The UK, with a strong tradition of official secrecy and a weak tradition of scrutiny and investigative journalism, has no such safeguards.

 

The corrupt judges were paid by the private prisons not only to increase the number of child convicts but also to shut down a competing prison run by the public sector. Taking bribes to bang up kids might be novel; shutting public facilities to help private companies happens - on both sides of the water - all the time.

 

The Wall Street Journal has shown how, as a result of lobbying by the operators, private jails in Mississippi and California are being paid for non-existent prisoners(4,5). The prison corporations have been guaranteed a certain number of inmates. If the courts fail to produce enough convicts, they get their money anyway. This outrages taxpayers in both states, which have cut essential public services to raise these funds. But there is a simple means of resolving this problem: you replace ghost inmates with real ones. As the Journal, seldom associated with raging anti-capitalism, observes, “prison expansion [has] spawned a new set of vested interests with stakes in keeping prisons full and in building more. … The result has been a financial and political bazaar, with convicts in stripes as the prize.”(6)

 

Even as crime declines, law-makers are pressed by their sponsors to increase the rate of imprisonment. The US has, by a very long way, the world’s highest proportion of people behind bars: 756 prisoners per 100,000 people(7), or just over 1% of the adult population(8). Similarly wealthy countries have around one-tenth of this rate of imprisonment.

 

Like most of its really bad ideas, the last Conservative government imported private jails from the US. As Stephen Nathan, author of a forthcoming book about prison privatisation in the UK, has shown, the notion was promoted by the Select Committee on Home Affairs, which in 1986 visited prisons run by the Corrections Corporation of America. When the corporation told them that private provision in the US improved prison standards and delivered good value for money, the committee members failed to check its claims. They recommended that the government should put the construction and management of prisons out to tender “as an experiment”(9).

 

Encouraged by the committee’s report, the Corrections Corporation of America set up a consortium in Britain with two Conservative party donors, Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd and John Mowlem & Co, to promote privately financed prisons over here. The first privately-run prison in the UK, Wolds, was opened by the Danish security company Group 4 in 1992. In 1993, before it had had a chance to evaluate this experiment, the government announced that all new prisons would be built and run by private companies.

 

The Labour party, then in opposition, was outraged. John Prescott promised that “Labour will take back private prisons into public ownership – it is the only safe way forward.”(10) Jack Straw stated that “it is not appropriate for people to profit out of incarceration. This is surely one area where a free market certainly does not exist”. He too promised to “bring these prisons into proper public control and run them directly as public services.”(11)

 

But during his first seven weeks in office, Jack Straw renewed one private prison contract and launched two new ones. A year later he announced that all new prisons in England and Wales would be built and run by private companies, under the private finance initiative (PFI). Today the UK has a higher proportion of prisoners in private institutions than the US(12). This is the only country in Europe whose jails are run on this model.

 

So has prison privatisation here influenced judicial policy? As we discovered during the recent lobbying scandal in the House of Lords, there’s no way of knowing. Unlike civilised nations, the UK has no register of lobbyists; we are not even entitled to know which lobbyists ministers have met(13). But there are some clues. The former home secretary, John Reid, previously in charge of prison provision, has become a consultant to the private prison operator G4S(14).

 

The government is intending to commission a series of massive Titan jails under PFI. Most experts on prisons expect them to be disastrous, taking inmates further away from their families (which reduces the chances of rehabilitation) and creating vast warrens in which all the social diseases of imprisonment will fester. Only two groups want them built: ministers and the prison companies: they offer excellent opportunities to rack up profits. And the very nature of PFI, which commits the government to paying for services for 25 or 30 years whether or not they are still required creates a major incentive to ensure that prison numbers don’t fall. The beast must be fed.

 

And there’s another line of possible evidence. In the two countries whose economies most resemble the UK’s - Germany and France - the prison population has risen quite slowly. France has 96 inmates per 100,000 people, an increase of 14% since 1992. Germany has 89 prisoners per 100,000: 25% more than in 1992 but 9% less than in 2001. But the UK now locks up 151 out of every 100,000 inhabitants: 73% more than in 1992 and 20% more than in 2001(15). Yes our politicians have barely come down from the trees, yes we are still governed out of the offices of the Daily Mail, but it would be foolish to dismiss the likely influence of the private prison industry.

 

This revolting trade in human lives creates a permanent incentive to lock people up; not because prison works; not because it makes us safer, but because it makes money. Privatisation appears to have locked this country into mass imprisonment.

 

www.monbiot.com

 

References:

1. Amy Goodman, 17th February 2009. How Two Former PA Judges Got Millions in Kickbacks to Send Juveniles to Private Prisons. Democracy Now! http://www.alternet.org/rights/127461/amy_goodman:_how_two_former_pa_judges_got_millions_in_kickbacks_to_send_juveniles_to_private_prisons/

2. The Economist, 26th February 2009. Bad judges: the lowest of the low.

3. Stephanie Chen, 24th February 2009. Pennsylvania rocked by ‘jailing kids for cash’ scandal. CNN.
http://edition.cnn.com/2009/CRIME/02/23/pennsylvania.corrupt.judges/index.html

4. Bryan Gruley, 6th September 2001. Prison Building Spree Creates Glut of Lockups. Wall Street Journal.

5. Joseph T. Hallinan, 6th November 2001. Going Backwards. Wall Street Journal.

6. Bryan Gruley, ibid.

7. http://www.kcl.ac.uk/depsta/law/research/icps/worldbrief/wpb_country.php?country=190

8. The total prison population at the end of 2007 (see above) was 2,293,157. The most recent figure for the adult population I can find - 217.8 million - was produced by the US Census Bureau in 2004.
http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/001703.html

9. Stephen Nathan, 2003. Prison Privatization in the United Kingdom. Published in
Capitalist Punishment: Prison Privatization & Human Rights. Clarity Press, Inc., Atlanta.

10. John Prescott, 1994, quoted by Stephen Nathan, ibid.

11. Jack Straw, 8th March 1995, quoted by Stephen Nathan, ibid.

12. 7.2% in the US, 11% in the UK. http://www.prisonreformtrust.org.uk/subsection.asp?id=268

13. The Committee on Standards in Public Life, cited by the House of Commons Public Administration Select Committee, 5th January 2009. Lobbying: Access and influence in Whitehall. Volume I, para 187. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmselect/cmpubadm/36/36i.pdf

14. Security Oracle, 18th December 2008. G4S Appoints John Reid As Group Consultant.
http://www.securityoracle.com/news/G4S-Appoints-John-Reid-As-Group-Consultant_14833.html

15. http://www.kcl.ac.uk/depsta/law/research/icps/worldbrief/

publicado por Rojo às 00:58
Domingo, 08 DE Março DE 2009

Reforma Agrária na Venezuela

(VIDEO) Elías Jaua: Campesinos pueden asumir producción si la agroindustria decide pararse

07 de marzo 2009. - “Podemos decir que durante estos 10 años hemos logrado incrementar las hectáreas de siembra de manos de los campesinos, hemos venido construyendo una agroindustria de propiedad social que le permite al pueblo obtener cada día sus productos de manera eficiente, de calidad y a buenos precios, de manera que estos campesinos están en posición de tomar la producción si la agroindostria decide pararse”.

Así lo ratificó este viernes el ministro del Poder Popular para la Agricultura y Tierras, Elías Jaua, quien además indicó que se está demostrando que el pueblo junto al Gobierno es capaz de producir mejor y a menores costos que la empresa privada.

“Hasta la fecha, hemos activado a más de 150.000 campesinos que han obtenido tierras, maquinaria, financiamiento, asistencia técnica, que se han conformado en consejos campesinos para efectivamente incrementar las hectáreas de tierras en el país y por ende la producción”, explicó.

En este sentido, destacó que el Estado se ha venido preparando desde todo punto de vista -técnico, dotación de maquinaria, desarrollo agroindustrial, recuperación de tierras-, para garantizarle el alimento a todo el pueblo venezolano.

“La lección del 2002 fue definitiva, quedó demostrado que cuando varios grupos controlan derechos esenciales de la población es un riesgo para la democracia. Observamos como los que controlan la alimentación paralizaron sus actividades para que mediante la vía del desabastecimiento y la hambruna se produjera un estallido social que derribara al gobierno”, recordó el ministro.

De esta manera, insistió que la mayoría de las tierras que se han rescatado pertenecen a la nación, y refiriéndose a las declaraciones del presidente de la Federación Nacional de Ganaderos (Fedenaga), Genaro Méndez, indicó que si las dejar de producir, éstas se convierten en tierras ociosas y el Estado trabajarán en recuperarlas.

Jaua destacó que, a la fecha, el 30% de las tierras ociosas, que representaban cerca de 6 millones de hectáreas, han sido rescatadas y puestas al servicio de la producción nacional, para garantizar el incremento de la misma en todos los rubros alimenticios.

El mejor ejemplo de ello es la disposición de 300.000 toneladas de arroz, almacenadas en silos públicos y privados, con las que cuenta el Estado ante la coyuntura, además de una reserva de mes y medio que dispone la Corporación de Abastecimiento y Servicios Agrícolas (Casa) y la cosecha que se espera ascienda a unas 380.000 toneladas más del rubro.

 

 

Haz click en cualquier video para verlo
Puedes ver otros en radiomundial.com.ve

Fontes: Aporrea, Radio YVKE Mundial

 

Cinco latifundios recuperados serán puestos al servicio de la Nación venezolana

07 de marzo 2009. - El Instituto Nacional de Tierras (INTI) recuperó cinco latifundios en los estados Aragua, Lara y Monagas, como parte de las acciones que adelanta el Gobierno Revolucionario con base en los artículos 305, 306 y 307 de la Ley de Tierras, para el beneficio de la población, "ya que son terrenos que pertenecen a toda la Nación venezolana".

Así lo señaló el presidente del INTI, Juan Carlos Loyo, durante una rueda de prensa, este sábado, en horas de la tarde, en la sede del mencionado instituto, desde donde señaló que el Gobierno Bolivariano, a través del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Agricultura y Tierras (MAT), está luchando de manera comprometida contra el latifundio.

"El Gobierno revolucionario, con la promulgación del la Ley de Tierras, ha llevado acciones de recuperación de tierras, en la lucha contra el latifundio, tierras que no habían sido trabajadas o utilizadas para la producción social que beneficia a toda la población de nuestros país, será recuperada continuando las acciones que ejecuta el MAT por medio del INTI", puntualizó el funcionario.

Puntualizando acerca de las recuperaciones, Loyo señaló que en la zona de Villa de Cura, estado Aragua, se recuperaron dos latifundios: el Hancón, con una extensión de 530 hectáreas, y la Agropecuaria El Tamarindo, con 320 hectáreas, que se encuentran cercanas al Valle de Tucutunemo y a la Laguna de Taiguaiguai.

En el estado Lara, fueron recuperadas en eje parvial Acarigua-Barquisimeto, El Maizal con una extensión de 2137 hectáreas, y El Piñal con 1.500 hectáreas. El funcionario recordó que a lo largo del citado eje, hay 12 grandes latifundios, que acumulan 20 mil hectáreas, que representan aproximadamente el 40% de toda la superficie agricola de dos parroquias del municipio Simón Planas, del estado Lara.

En estado Monagas, manifestó Loyo, se recuperó el fundo La Unión con 1.700 hectáreas.


"Es necesario que se transformen en unidades de producción para la población venezolana, según sea el caso procurar la siembra de las semillas de caraota, sorgo, verduras, hortalizas necesarias para la dieta del venezolano, así como la producción de la ganadería", indicó Loyo.

"Nuestra intención es recuperar tierras que no estaban siendo aprovechadas de manera adecuada y cuando se aproxima el plan de siembra sean preparadas para su producción", señaló.

El presidente del Inti también destacó que todas las actuaciones fueron previamente notificadas a las personas usufructuantes, "todas las acciones fueron comunicadas para establecer los mejores mecanismo de diálogos y para respetar la bienechuría. Recordó que el accionar de la recuperación de tierras es conforme a la ley, y a la necesidad de la Nación.

"Las actuaciones de recuperación que iniciaron en 2004 continuarán, pues las tierras que no están siendo trabajadas para el beneficio de la Nación serán puestas al servicio de la producción social y serán de propiedad social", finalizó el funcionario.

Fonte: Aporrea

publicado por Rojo às 19:40
Sexta-feira, 06 DE Março DE 2009

Elis Regina e Tom Jobim: Águas de Março

tags:
publicado por Rojo às 16:17
Sexta-feira, 06 DE Março DE 2009

Elis Regina: É com esse que eu vou; Cais

Elis Regina singing with Cesar Camargo Mariano on piano and band - TV Cultura(Brazil) - (Interview about Carnaval + É com esse que eu vou)
She was the best singer in Brazil e and will be always!
God bless you, Elis!

 

Elis Regina era uma bonita luz de liberdade durante os tempos negros da Ditadura Militar brasileira.

tags:
publicado por Rojo às 16:13

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